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“A Gathering of Fugitives” () and “Beyond Culture” (), Lionel Trilling has seen . “Sincerity and Authenticity” can read like a Commonplace Book, where According to Trilling “sincerity” was a new concept when. Lionel Trilling, Sincerity and Authenticity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Chapter 1. Sincerity: Its Origin and Rise. 用以比較的中文翻譯:. Lionel Trilling, Sincerity and Authenticity, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, Chapter 4. The Heroic, the Beautiful, the Authentic. 用以比較的中文 .

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She implicitly denies the Hegelian dialectic. Sincetity is easy at least to understand how not to be: If we do not put the distance authenticjty condescension or contempt between us and her, we shall have to know that when Flaubert said, ‘Madame Bovary–c’est moi’, he was not making a preposterous paradox.

An impressive display of creativity and subtlety. Philosophy books books Philosophy book stubs. Auhhenticity he undertakes to argue his sister-in-law into sincwrity correct appreciation of ‘Resolution and Independence’, he says, ‘What is brought forward? Which is not to say powerful: We play these roles, to others and to ourselves, and it has resulted in our individual loss of sincerity.

One has only to recall her adolescent day-dreams, her marriage, her love or luxury, her vision of the lives lived by the “upper crust”, of “artistic and Bohemian circles” of Parisian life, all roles that she was continually playing auhtenticity others and for herself and which were based on the most platitutdinous of conventions. In short, we play the role of being ourselves, we sincerely act the part of the sincere person, with the result that a judgment may be passed upon our sincerity that it is not authentic.

The moral end in view implies a public end in view, with all that this suggests of the esteem and fair repute that follow upon the correct fulfillment of a public role.

The artist now can make scarcely anything which will prove really exigent to the audience, which will outrage its habitual sensibility. This is admirable, and not less so is the perception that Jane Austen was, as the critic puts it, ‘saturated’ with a ‘Platonic idea’–she was committed to the ideal of ‘intelligent love’, according to which the deepest and truest relationship that can exist between human beings is pedagogic. The lectures sinceroty great lengths to define and explain the terms “sincerity” and “authenticity,” though no clear, concise definition is ever really postulated, and Trillingg even considers the possibility that such terms are best not totally defined.

There was an external as well as an internal sanction for their reliance on the Word. He is the man; he suffered; he was there. In so far as this is true, the novel, which at least in its beginnings was committed to story-telling, is of its nature opposed to the heroic. It is to the point that Iago’s resentment of his class situation and his wish to better it are conspicuous in his character. The doctrine of the impersonality of the artist was loyally seconded by the criticism that grew up with the classic modern literature.


The dialectic is, by definition, two-fold. His discussion meandered widely too, but there the depth of his reading, cogency of his conceptual vision, eloquence of his delivery, and magnitude of his understanding told in his favor. At the present moment, art cannot be said to make exigent demands upon the audience. And how effectual these hindrances were may be learned from any good English or French novel of the nineteenth century.

Beauty, on the contrary, is to be associated with femininity. Polonius is speeding Laertes on his way to Paris with paternal advice that has scarcely the hope of being heard, let alone heeded.

The changes were most dramatically marked in England, and Aevedei Barbu describes what he calls ‘the formation of a new type of personality, which embodies the main traits of English national character throughout the modern era’. May 02, Aneece rated it it was amazing Shelves: Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.

Lionel Trilling, Sincerity and Authenticity, Ch. 4

This, of course, says nothing new about Madame Bovary; [p. The literary mind of the Renaissance was enchanted by sincerit heroic idea and at the same time profoundly critical of it. The literary mind of Authentkcity increasingly inclined to join Swift in praise of the virtue of the man who makes two ears of corn or two blades of grass grow where only one grew before. I would not press the point, but it does seem to be of significance in the developing political culture of the time that Shakespeare, in what nowadays is often said to be his greatest play, should set so much store by plain speaking and ring so many changes on the theme, [p.

Sincerity and Authenticity

Somogy Varga – – In Rune Graulund ed. In one, spirit shows forth from Nature; the sudden revelation communicates to the poet a transcendent message which bears upon the comprehension of human [p. The word ‘authenticity’ comes so readily to the tongue these days and in so many connections that it may very well resist such efforts of definition as I shall later make, but I think that for the present I can rely on its suggesting a more strenuous moral experience than ‘sincerity’ does, a more exigent conception of the self and of what being true to it consists in, a wider reference to the universe and man’s place in it, and a less acceptant and genial view of the social circumstances of life.

The two selves, together, are both needed for the Spirit to move to the next stage of development. Lowness of social station, lowness even in a biological sense, is a necessary condition of the persons who provide Wordsworth’s epiphanies: Would that I could think as clearly as Lionel Trilling wrote. True, which is to say loyal, never wavering in constancy.

Rebecca rated it really liked it Aug 17, If you are the least bit interested in literary theory, or in the concept of authenticity, I highly recommend this book. Rather than pull all of these ideas into a single literary and philosophical whole, he spends the last pages attacking a then current trend of regarding mental illness and schizophrenia as an heroic assertion of the self against the evils of society.


There is meat to this book, but it will best be of use to someone with an extensive familiarity with the classics of European literature and intellectual theory. Joyce said that ‘The personality of the artist. The divines were intellectuals in their reliance upon the Word and in their resolution to speak it out plain for all to hear.

While seeking to make us ever more sensitive to the implications of the poet’s voice in its unique quality, including inevitably those implications that are personal before they are moral and social, it was at the same time very strict in its insistence that the poet is not a person at all, only a persona, and that to impute to him a personal existence is a breach of literary decorum.

This brilliant young man from the provinces with a career to make and the firmest intention of making it leaves us in no doubt that his aesthetic preference, his choice of the sublime as against the beautiful, is dictated by his sense of how society is constituted and of how it may be dominated and made to serve his purpose, and by his commitment to the energies of his genius.

As the century advances trillling sentiment of beng, of being strong, is increasingly subsumed under the conception of personal authenticity. Eliot’s work which are sincere and those which are not, we are inclined to note the distinction as an example of the engagingly archaic quality of Dr.

Rousseau sees a positive in society that is not present in the “savage”: Every ridiculous person in the play has his point of pride; tdilling Oronte it is his sonnets, for Clitandre his waistcoats, for Acaste his noble blood, his wealth, and his infallible charm.

In the Renaissance, however, the heroic style of the superego was confronted with a new antagonism, that which was offered by the ego, the aspect of the self which has for its function the pereservation of the self. Eliot said that ‘The progress of an artist is a continual self-sacrifice, lioneo continual extinction of personality’.

The only reason this book has made it through multiple cullings of my collection, during numerous apartment moves, is so I can keep it handy for when I need to remember what over-wrought, completely unreadable writing looks and sounds like. Rereading this amazing book.