Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.
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These flint daggers and knives are the only evidence present that might indicate tianos. Moses —97 Jane H. They were not hunting the same type of big-game animals as the Paleo-Indians were, as that food source became extinct by the time the Meso-Indian epoch started. One particular type of cooking pottery that was popular in the region both in the Meillac and Carrier groups discussed below was the “pepper pot”, a vessel in which most of their prepared food was made.
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Some of the smaller stone balls might be evidence rluse some sort gainos game or entertainment activity. The flint tools that were recovered were similar to those represented in the Couri group, but roise ground-stone artifacts were more developed than their Couri predecessors. It was a time when hunting was emphasized, as evidenced by projectile points uncovered during excavation.
The first segment of his dissertation is a definition of the methods he would use in studying the cultures of this region titled Prehistory in Haiti: Rouse began doing fieldwork in the Caribbean inwhen he worked in Haiti on the material that would lead to his dissertation. He returned to the island in to do some additional work with John Goggin. These people were big game hunters. Goodman —07 Setha Low —09 Virginia R.
In his excavations Rouse was able to recover 9, artifacts, over 9, of which were pottery sherds. Not much about the non-material culture of the Couri defined by Rouse as “concerned with customs which have been inferred by ivring  is known. This epoch began at roughly BC and included 10 taihos series: Bone artifact were rare. Spicer Ernestine Friedl He suspected the Couri groups were semi-nomadic and band-like in structure due to the small, shallow nature of the sites excavated.
Throughout his career, Rouse maintained that the only migrations to the islands were those mentioned above. Other archaeologists believed that every new pottery type was a product of a new migration from the mainland. Each class represents a procedure or custom followed by the maker during the process of formation.
This custom or concept is the mode. Taxonomic classification is done by creating a set of classes which differentiate the artifacts in a collection by type type being the end product of Taxonomic classification. In the second segment of his dissertation, a work titled Culture of the Ft.
Tue was through the information obtained from this project that Rouse developed a theory that different assemblages were not the result of different migrations a theory held by a mentor of his, Froelich Raineybut were instead the result of a single line of development. His maternal grandfather was Czech. He was promoted to associate curator and research associate Irivng believed that the attire of the groups would have been very light, as there is no evidence of clothing production.
Benjamin Irving Rouse August 29, — February 24, was an American archaeologist on the faculty of Yale University best known for his work in the Greater and Lesser Antilles of the Caribbeanespecially in Haiti. Views Read Edit View history. Osgood’s segment was titled The Ciboney Culture of Cayo Redondo, Cuba which focused on the classification of a collection of stone, shell, coral, and bone objects from the Cayo Redondo excavation in western Cuba.
Irving Rouse – Wikipedia
The flint artifacts were similar in form to both the Couri and Meillac flint artifacts, while the ground-stone tools were similar to the Meillac ground-stone artifacts. In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end to his fieldwork career.
The first culture he classifies is the Couri culture. The first epoch is the “Paleo-Indian” epoch, which began with the first inhabitants of Venezuela around 15, BC?. This project was not a total disaster, however. Casagrande Edward H.
Most if the Meillac cultural material consisted of cooking pottery and “clay griddle”. As a result of the research done a much better understanding of the culture history of the northern Antilles was constructed. Walter Goldschmidt Richard N.
Modes, then, are a natural unit of cultural study, whereas types are an artificial unit created by the individual rousse. Presidents of the American Anthropological Association. Both shell objects are made from conch shellsand there is evidence of a well developed art design, as the pendant is decorated with parallel and zig-zagged bands.
The population of Meillac groups must have been many times larger than the population of Couri groups.
Rouse identifies the Talnos groups as sedentary agriculturist, who relied not only on shellfish, seafood, and birds for subsistence, but they also probably cultivated corn and manioc and collected wild vegetables. Retrieved from ” https: Stone tools were rare, but some were recovered throughout the course of excavation. The end product of analytic classification is the ” mode “, which is produced by creating a series of classes representing different features of the artifact.