Irving Rouse-The Tainos – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Information on tainos. Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting. How to Cite: Delle, J.A., The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus by Irving Rouse, Yale University Press, New Haven.
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Adams Francis L. Modes, then, are a natural unit of cultural study, whereas types are an artificial unit created by the individual archaeologist.
Rouse believes that Carrier people spoke the Arawak language, and were sedentary agriculturalist who hunted small animals and shellfish and, like Meillac groups, cultivated manioc and corn, along with other wild vegetables. He was unable to discern anything about the religion practiced by the Couri groups, if that irvign existed at all for them. He hypothesizes that this is tainoe out of need for food, but rather as some sort of ritual with supernatural significance.
Rouse identifies “objectives” as the building blocks of any archaeological research project, and the ultimate goal of any research project is the synthesis of a series of these objectives, which he defines as “the end-product of any particular segment in the procedure of culture-historical research.
He made major contributions to the development of archaeological theorywith a special emphasis on taxonomy and classification of archaeological materials and studies of human migration. The hypotheses should also be tested against other forms of anthropological data, such as linguistic and physical anthropological data. The only ethnic “series” that belongs in the Paleo-Indian epoch is the Juboid series. Rouse was unable to discover any definitive linguistic information about the Couri, nor was he able to find information about their clothing, shelter, or population.
It was through the information obtained from this project that Rouse developed a theory that different assemblages were not the result of different migrations a theory held by a mentor of his, Froelich Raineybut were instead the result of a single line of development.
Social organization would have been well developed and similar to that of historical times. Evidence of 9 burials were recovered 8 of which were inhumationswhich indicates some concept of life after death. Tanios the second segment of his dissertation, a work titled Culture of the Ft. These flint daggers and knives are the only evidence present that might indicate warfare.
Bone artifact were rare. Trade would have been prevalent based on the presence exotic pottery types.
The first segment of his dissertation is a definition of the methods he would use in studying the cultures of this region titled Prehistory in Haiti: Irving and Mary had two sons, David and Peter. These objects would have been made through either flaking, battering, or grinding techniques.
The archaeologist must create testable hypotheses and inferences, with emphasis placed upon local development, acculturation, and transculturation. He believed that they would have likely spoken the Arawak language, as they were likely the predecessors of the Carrier people, who spoke Arawak. This was the culture, which was fairly complex in social structure, that was first encountered by Old World explorers, most notably Christopher Columbus.
The second culture Rouse identifies is called the Meillac group. People would have lived in small villages, presumably in some sort of small structure, although the only evidence we have regarding shelter comes from small middens.
Irving Rouse – Wikipedia
Arensberg William C. Irving Rouse began his academic career studying forestry and obtained his Bachelor’s degree in plant science from Yale University ‘s Sheffield Scientific School in The most elaborate types of artifact were the cooking pots, which included pepper pots similar to those found at Meillac sites. He was promoted to associate curator and research associate Wallace Joseph B.
Therefore, a “type” is made up of selected modes. Rouse notes that while modes are “inherent” in a collection, types are created by the archaeologist by selecting the modes which he determines to be relevant.
The Tainos: Rise & Decline of the People who Greeted Columbus – Irving Rouse – Google Books
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Goodman —07 Setha Low —09 Virginia R.
Artifacts came in the form of the aforementioned pottery sherds, flint tools, ground-stone artifacts, and shell artifacts. Other archaeologists believed that every new pottery type was a product of a new migration from the mainland. In this volume Rouse discusses different population movements throughout the world, and discusses his view of the proper way to study prehistoric migrations. There is evidence of a workshop for the manufacture of the axes in the area, however it appears that the flint objects were made elsewhere, indicating that there was probably some sort of trade system in place.
He believes that the concept of private property may have had a role in the Couri culture, giving the stone beads and stone and irivng pendants as examples. There was some evidence of cutting on human remains found at Meillac sites, leading Rouse to believe that cannibalism may have been occurring. In a article in American AntiquityRouse breaks classification of artifacts down into two forms, analytic and taxonomic, and discusses the goals of each form.
The Manicauroid series was the only ethnic series that fit in the Meso-Indian epoch. These people were big game hunters. roise
Rouse was a proponent of the cultural historical approach to archaeology, and in “The Strategy of Culture History”,  Rouse identifies and examines the goals of this approach. He also conducted fieldwork in Florida and Venezuela. In Rouse had a heart attack while on a project in Antigua, signaling the end to his fieldwork career.
As an undergraduate, he worked at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History cataloging archaeological specimens.