Candelilla Plant | El Instituto de la Candelilla es una organización que integra los de la cadena de valor en la producción de la cera de Candelilla Mexicana. Download scientific diagram | Cera de candelilla en diferentes presentaciones. Figure 2. Different presentations of candelilla wax. from publication: Pasado. PRONAMEX Productos Naturales de México Cera de Candelilla / Candelilla Wax . En México.
|Published (Last):||8 December 2007|
|PDF File Size:||7.63 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.44 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
During the rainy season the Candelilla plant becomes covered with small pink-colored flowers. The Candelilla plant belongs to the Euphorbia species, the common name of crea extensive family of flowered plants — similar in appearance to cacti — but which are clearly differentiated by the milky latex contained by the Euphorbia plants.
Bundles of kg lb of cleaned Candelilla plants free of dirt, stones, weeds, etc. Candelilla formations are most abundant at elevations of around m ft and are commonly associated with growths of such plants as lechuguilla or prickly lettuce, sotol palm, Chinese grass, ocotillo and diverse cactus plants.
Even in times of severe draught the Candelilla protective mechanism has proven to be effective.
The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.
The wax is obtained by boiling the leaves and stems with dilute sulfuric acidand the resulting “cerote” is skimmed from the surface and further processed. With a melting point of In the top part of the vessel, a third layer is formed which consists of a paste comprised of ashes, bubbles and solid impurities.
Candelilla wax – Wikipedia
The exploitation of Candelilla in its natural state for the production of wax thus became one of the most important economic activities, in those rural cfra where the Candelilla plant grows.
In this way, about tons are produced annually. Pickup trucks are also sometimes used. Candelilla wax can be used as a substitute for carnauba wax and beeswax.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Candelilla plant is very resistant to plagues and diseases and is only limitedly consumed by some species of wildlife that exist in the region. Manufacturing The commercial exploitation of the Candelilla plant for producing wax dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, and has since become one of the main economic activities of the Mexican region of the Chihuahuan Desert.
Inthe botanist J. The plant normally grows in semi-desert regions, principally on lime soil slopes or hillsides associated with formations of rocky material. The batch of Candelilla immersed in acid-water is heated over a direct fire until the solution comes to a boil, at which time the wax is separated from the plant and fuses with the liquid.
Retrieved from ” https: It is also used for making varnish. Other sources indicate that the Candelilla plant was burned directly for illumination, serving the purpose of a candle. However, these plants offer lower wax yields, as well as lower melting points and a lower saponification value, compared to the wax produced from the plants of the Euphorbia species.
Some of these producers complement their income by gathering other plant species native to the desert, or by agriculture, raising cattle and even mining. Unfortunately, the manufacturing of Candelilla wax is still carried out using old and inefficient techniques which remain virtually unchanged since this activity first began.
Normally, the Candelilla plant is pulled out by hand from the roots, although occasionally a sharpened stick may be used to facilitate digging out the plant. In order to refine the wax it must again be broken up, melted and filtered through Fuller earth, activated carbon or some other filtration system.
Candelilla Plant | Candelilla Institute
Candelilla wax is a wax derived from the ceea of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States, Euphorbia cerifera and Euphorbia antisyphiliticafrom the family Euphorbiaceae.
The solid wax is hammered and broken into pieces, which are then melted to remove cahdelilla impurities such as dirt and organic materials, which are separated from the wax by sedimentation.
The method used for the exploitation and distribution of the Candelilla plant is very rudimentary. This page was last edited on 21 Decemberat Each burro can typically carry candellila kg lb. Altitude of the region Collection, extraction and refining processes. This is evidenced by the low yields and high costs in producing the wax.
The plants, scalded by the boiling process, are used as fuel for the cauldrons, once they have been put out to by sun-dried.
The plants root is relatively small, although a plant of moderate size can develop more than stalks of a grayish-green color, with typical dimensions of cm in long and 0. In any of these vessels, the hot foam wax is separated by decanting from a brown liquor which precipitates to the bottom of the vessel and is later recycled to a removal bucket. They generally take more than five days to harvest the plants and work becomes more complicated when the plants are located on other ranches or private property.
Today, the Candelilla plant is considered useful in the treatment of a variety of illnesses. Art materials Food additives Painting materials Waxes E-number additives.
Views Read Edit View history. The plants are then brought to collection centers where the process for extracting the wax is carried out. One of its major uses is as a binder for chewing gums. Harvesters travel by burros or by truck to the areas where the Candelilla plant is to be found in abundance.
The refining can also include a bleaching stage, which uses hydrogen peroxide, or some other refining step for special applications. Using this technique, wax from the Candelilla plant floats to the surface in the form of foam. In the intermediate part of the vessel, just on top of the aqueous phase, a fine layer of yellow-colored cream is formed. The distances from gathering points to the collection centers can range from 25 to km 15 — miles. A new classification of the Candelilla was presented in by G.
After gathering all the plants found in the area, they load up and move to other nearby fields.